13.Affordance, Conventions, and Design

Read these to prepare for class discussion

  1. Universal principles of design
    The Principle of Freeze-Flight-Fight-Forfeit, 110
    The Principle of Errors, 82
  2. Norman, D. A. (1999).
    Affordance, conventions, and design.
    interactions, 6 (3): 38-43.
  3. Norman, D. A. (1983).
    Design rules based on analyses of human error.
    Communications of the ACM, 26 (4), 254-258.
  4. Norman, D.A. (1988). To err is human.
    In The Psychology of Everyday Things.
    New York: Basic Books, 105-140. [TS171.4 .N67 1988]

Optional readings which may come up in class discussions

Useful, but not available online