Class Session: Wednesday Jan 31, 2018
- a means of connecting documents by text links
a language that uses elements, attributes, and values (markup) to construct and link (hypertext) documents
for easy access and display
- a customizable markup language
a reformulation of HTML 4 as an XML 1.0 application.
the mother language from which HTML, XHTML, and XML were created
a container that specifies the nature, formatting, or function of a portion of a
Examples might include:
Tag - signifies the opening and closing of an element.
These tags signify the opening and closing of a paragraph:
Empty element -
an element that has no content and is written as a single tag,
causes a line break after the element.
Heading 1 <h1>, and
Heading 2 <h2> are block elements
displays inline and does not generate a line break.
<strong> for bold and
<em> for italics
is an element not part of the official HTML recommendation and often it is
supported only by the browser for which it was developed.
An example would be Netscape's
Deprecated element or attribute
is an element or attribute that is being phased out of HTML
and therefore eventually will not be supported by browsers
lists a characteristic of a particular element.
In this case,
it lists the characteristic of a table border:
Value modifies the attribute in which it occurs.
In this case,
it is modifying the border attribute:
is the practice of placing elements inside one another (as opposed to overlapping them).
Nesting is the correct syntax for HTML.
Correctly nested elements:
Overlapping is incorrect and can cause problems with your web page.
Incorrectly nested (overlapped) elements:
is the means (e.g., a Web browser) by which one accesses an HTML document.
describes anything that is done on the user's computer
describes anything that is done on the Web server
Common Gateway Interface, or
is a standard method for web server software to delegate the generation of web content to executable files.
is a portion of programming code that can function in a Web page or on the server,
but not as a stand-alone program
Applet is a small program that can be embedded in a Web page
Skim these for ideas
and bookmark them for later use