SILS iSchool

09 February 2021

Value Added | daily

Class Schedule

Basics | sessions 01-03
  1. 19 Jan intro and clients | lecture | labs
  2. 26 Jan servers and command line | lecture | labs
  3. 02 Feb networks and protocols | lecture | labs
Web Development | sessions 04-08

  1. 09 Feb structural layer | lecture | labs
  2. 16 Feb presentational layer | lecture | labs
  3. 23 Feb using a structure | lecture | labs
  4. 02 Mar behavioral layer | lecture | labs
  5. 09 Mar design thoughts | lecture | labs
Dealing with Markup | sessions 09-10
  1. 16 Mar control objects and display | lecture | labs
  2. 23 Mar tools that read markup | lecture | labs
Working with data | sessions 11-14
  1. 30 Mar formulas, functions, vectors | lecture | labs
  2. 06 Apr data display | lecture | labs
  3. 13 Apr manipulate data sets | lecture | labs
  4. 20 Apr relational data bases | lecture | labs
Presentations | sessions 15-16
  1. 27 Apr designing a presentation | lecture | labs
  2. 04 May delivering a presentation | lecture | labs

These are some terms you should know.

Useful Terms


  • Hypertext - a means of connecting documents by text links
  • HTML - Hypertext Markup Language: a language that uses elements, attributes, and values (markup) to construct and link (hypertext) documents for easy access and display
  • XML - Extensible Markup Language - a customizable markup language
  • XHTML - Extensible Hypertext Markup Language: a reformulation of HTML 4 as an XML 1.0 application.
  • DHTML- Dynamic Hypertext Markup Language: HTML, CSS, and JavaScript combined to create dynamic (as opposed to static) pages
  • SGML - Standard Generalized Markup Language: the mother language from which HTML, XHTML, and XML were created

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HTML Element

  • Element- a container that specifies the nature, formatting, or function of a portion of a document.
    Examples might include: <form>, <table>, <p>, <img>
  • Tag - signifies the opening and closing of an element.
    These tags signify the opening and closing of a paragraph: <p> </p>
  • Empty element - an element that has no content and is written as a single tag,
    such as <img />
  • Block element causes a line break after the element.
    Paragraph <p>, Heading 1 <h1>, and Heading 2 <h2> are block elements
  • Inline element displays inline and does not generate a line break.
    Examples include <strong> for bold and <em> for italics
  • Proprietary element is an element not part of the official HTML recommendation and often it is supported only by the browser for which it was developed.
    An example would be Netscape's <blink> element
  • Deprecated element or attribute is an element or attribute that is being phased out of HTML and therefore eventually will not be supported by browsers
  • Attribute lists a characteristic of a particular element.
    In this case, it lists the characteristic of a table border: <table border="3">
  • Value modifies the attribute in which it occurs.
    In this case, it is modifying the border attribute: <table border="3">
  • Nesting is the practice of placing elements inside one another (as opposed to overlapping them). Nesting is the correct syntax for HTML.
    Correctly nested elements:
    <p> <h3></h3> </p>
    Incorrectly nested (overlapped) elements:
    <p> <h3> </p> </h3>
    Overlapping is incorrect and can cause problems with your web page.

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Client-server agents

  • User agent is the means (e.g., a Web browser) by which one accesses an HTML document.
  • Client-side describes anything that is done on the user's computer
  • Server-side describes anything that is done on the Web server
  • Common Gateway Interface, or CGI is a standard method for web server software to delegate the generation of web content to executable files.
  • Script is a portion of programming code that can function in a Web page or on the server, but not as a stand-alone program
  • Applet is a small program that can be embedded in a Web page

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Skim these for ideas

and bookmark them for later use

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09 February Lecture | preps | practice | theory | tags | hyperlinks/anchors | terms