This section of the report provides a descriptive analysis of the data pertaining to the financial status of graduate programs of library and information science whose first professional degree programs have been accredited by the American Library Association. Complete financial data were received from 55 of the 56 eligible schools with ALA-accredited programs. Information for this section is based on income and expenditures reported by the schools for the 1998-99 academic year.
A total income of $113,805,756 was reported by 55 schools; this represents an average income of $2,069,110 as shown in Table IV-1. Funding for the schools ranged from a high of $11,829,717 to a low of $464,065. The median income in 1998-99 for the 55 schools was $1,487,191, which represents an increase of 18.2 percent above the previous year's median income of $1,257,733.
The average income continues to increase, although the percentage of increase was substantially less in the most recent year. A review of the percentage of increase or decrease for individual schools is reported in Table IV-2. The number of schools receiving increases in total income of one percent or greater remained at 30 in 1998-99. The number of schools receiving decreases of one percent or greater remained at 23 in 1998-99.
The frequency distribution of the total income for schools with ALA-accredited programs is contained in Table IV-3. Thirty-eight schools reported income over $1,000,000, compared with 37 schools in 1997-98 and 35 schools in 1996-97. The number of schools reporting income over $2,000,000 increased from 12 to 16. At the lower end of the spectrum, the number of schools reporting income under $600,000 decreased to three, compared with six in 1997-98.
In Table IV-4, the sources of funds for schools with ALA-accredited programs are described for the ten-year period, 1989-90 to 1998-99. The largest percentage of funding continues to come from the parent institution. The percentage of support from the parent institution again increased slightly in 1998-99. Although the actual amount of support has increased considerably, the percentage has decreased by almost 10 points over the past ten year period.
Table IV-5 depicts the frequency distribution of income from the parent institution. These figures ranged from a high of $5,952,974 to a low of $410,866, with a median income of $1,164,284. No school reported income under $400,000. One school reported support under $500,000 in 1998-99, compared with four schools in 1997-98. Twenty-nine schools reported support in an amount over $1,000,000 compared to thirty-one schools last year. Twenty-six of these 29 schools were from the United States; three were from Canada. Twelve schools reported income from the parent institution of greater than $2,000,000 in 1998-99, compared with ten in 1997-98.
Schools were again asked to indicate if there was any special basis for receiving funding from the parent institution, such as FTE, credit hours generated, or head count. Table IV-6 provides the responses received from the ALA-accredited programs. There is little change from previous years.
In 1998-99, the number of schools who reported federal funding decreased to 27 as shown in Table IV-7. The mean for federal funding continued the increase begun in 1993-94 and was interrupted only in 1997-98.
The range of federal funds in 1997-98 went from a high of $2,720,246 to a low of $627. (The median was $151,416.) Table IV-8 reports the frequency distribution of income from federal funding.
Differences in income between schools with doctoral programs and those without continue to be examined. Table IV-9 shows that the total mean income for schools with doctoral programs continues to be more than two times as high as that of schools not offering the doctorate. Schools without the doctorate continue to have greater dependence on the parent institution than those with doctoral programs.
Income data for the ALA-accredited schools were first examined by geographic regions in 1982-83; these data are again presented in 1998-99 according to the regional listings established by the American Library Association's Committee on Accreditation. Table IV-10 reports these data.
The 1998-99 expenditures by category for member schools are shown in Table IV-11, along with mean expenditures, ranges, and percent of total.
Questions relating to the library and information science facilities were again included in 1998-99. Schools were asked to indicate if they had a separate library; whether the library received its major support from the school; whether the librarian was funded by the school; and if the library was administratively a part of the main library. Table IV-12-a displays the responses.
Similar questions relating to computer facilities and support were added. Table IV-12-b displays the responses. Nearly every school reported a computer lab, primarily funded by the LIS school. Most of the labs are not part of the main computing service.
Table IV-13-a shows the amount of support given to the library for those schools that reported library support as a direct budget line.
Table IV-13-b shows the amount of support given to the computer lab for those schools that reported computer support as a direct budget line.
Schools were asked to indicate the allocation of salaries and wages among four categories: faculty, specialist, clerical, and students. Table IV-14 provides the distribution for all schools plus a comparison for those with and without the doctoral programs.
A review of the teaching and administration expenses by category is provided in Table IV-15.
All categories of expenditures were examined for schools with and without doctoral programs, and these results are shown in Table IV-16.
Computer laboratory costs for member schools were identified separately in 1997-98. These figures are again presented in Table IV-17.
Travel expenditures are reported in Table IV-18.
Twenty-five schools reported receiving institutional benefits from their parent institutions. These schools with the amount of benefit reported are shown in Table IV-21.