INLS161-001 Fall 2021

Tools for Information Literacy

Use the tools to their best effect

Manage your visual presence by realizing what the presentation tools can and cannot do for you

Effective design

Effective design comes from understanding of PowerPoint's tools

Dilbert PPT cartoon on 20090917

But let's start with some advice

Design your life, by Ellen and Julia Lupton

five not to do

  1. Don't overload your slides with mountains of text. The only thing duller than listening to someone read a speech is to follow along on screen while they are reading it.
  2. Don't put long lists of bullets on a single screen. Present no more than three points on a single slide, and keep them short.
  3. Don't use cute or curly typefaces. PowerPoint presentations are carefully planned and scripted. Save spontaneity for your oral delivery. Keep your electronic presentation calm and authoritative.
  4. Don't use complex, distracting backgrounds. If your presentation is dull, a rainbow-colored gradient won't make it more interesting. For showing your presentation on a screen, a black background with white text is considered ideal - the background disappears, allowing the text to float.
  5. Don't produce an important document in PowerPoint when another format would be more effective.

and five to do

  1. Do anchor your thoughts with short chunks of text, underscoring your subject matter for the audience. Use text to inspire and provoke people, not to impress them or lull them to sleep.
  2. Do ask questions. Posing a concise and provocative query on screen can build interest and suspense.
  3. Do choose a clear, readable font and deploy it in consistent sizes, large enough to read from a distance.
  4. Do use images to illuminate and demonstrate your ideas. Add some "show" to your "tell".
  5. Do consider alternative tools.
As a general rule, never use Clipart. It often looks dated.
book by Cliff Atkinson

More advice

Myth: There's no need to use graphical cues to point out the organization of the presentation.
Truth: Research shows that people learn better when visual cues are used to highlight a presentation's organization.

designing templates placeholders masters reusing slides

back to top

Design Templates


Themes provide you a pre-set background and pre-selected font and bullet formatting.

There are lots of resources for themes - Slide Carnival is one such resource.

designing templates placeholders masters reusing slides

back to top


retrieved from microsoft images

You can edit any part of the theme to customize it to your desires. Each placeholder is independently formattable for almost every property.


an image showing what a layout looks like

Slide layout gives you a vessel already formatted for you to put your content into;
gives you a preview of the formatting; and
you can reapply different layouts to slides already constructed.

designing templates placeholders masters reusing slides

back to top

Masters and Modifying Masters

modifying master

These tools allow you to customize formatting of the various master slides that are part of the theme you are using.

Customizing Themes

You may change the themes, colors, fonts, and effects.

You may create a new background or modify the one you have.

format theme

You can format the colors in multiple ways, format the texture and pattern, or create an image as a background to all your slides. You can apply the new formatting to one or to all of your slides.

designing templates placeholders masters reusing slides

back to top

Using Existing Presentations and Slides

re-use slides

This tool allows you to insert one or more slides from an existing presentation into the new one you are creating. Inserted slides do not bring their template formatting with them, but rather inherit the template formatting of the presentation into which they are inserted (unless you decide to keep their design template).

designing templates placeholders masters reusing slides

back to top

Copyright © R.E. Bergquist 2014- | Last Updated on | Powered by w3.css