THEN GO A BIT DEEPER INTO THE CONCEPT OF SPECIALIZED AND GENERALIZED KNOWLEDGE
Sure, it’s typical for people to overestimate their abilities. One study found that 80 per cent of drivers rate themselves as above average – a statistical impossibility.
And similar trends have been found when people rate their relative popularity and cognitive abilities.
The problem is that when people are incompetent, not only do they reach wrong conclusions and make unfortunate choices but, also, they are robbed of the ability to realise their mistakes.
In a semester-long study of college students, good students could better predict their performance on future exams given feedback about their scores and relative percentile.
However, the poorest performers showed no recognition, despite clear and repeated feedback that they were doing badly.
Instead of being confused, perplexed or thoughtful about their erroneous ways, incompetent people insist that their ways are correct.
As Charles Darwin wrote in The Descent of Man (1871): ‘Ignorance more frequently begets confidence than does knowledge.’
You don't have to read these unless you wish to, but we might touch upon them in conversation
What really sets human beings apart is not our individual mental capacity.
The secret to our success is our ability to jointly pursue complex goals by dividing cognitive labor
Each of us knows only a little bit, but together we can achieve remarkable feats.
Knowledge isn’t in my head or in your head. It’s shared.
... it is still important to emphasize that data, information, and knowledge are not interchangeable concepts.
Organizational success and failure can often depend on knowing which of them you need, which you have, and
what you can and can't do with each. Understanding what those three things are and
how you get from one to another is essential to doing knowledge work successfully.
An organization processes information in order to reduce uncertainty and to resolve equivocality in the informational inputs.
Its information processing requirements are determined by the task technology, environment, and organizational structure.
Information is acquired and processed by the individual members.
In acquiring information they exercise their own preferences as well as the biases that are formed
as a result of their belonging in the organization.
They selectively process information within the bounds of their cognitive limitations.
Hindi Zahra is sounding like the musical child of Django Rheinhardt and Billie Holiday,
the Paris-based Hindi is a captivating musician.
Her song "Beautiful Tango" is a revelation -
simple yet sophisticated, sparse yet emotive. It's fresh even while it reverberates with history.
This style continues in "Oursoul" and "Try." A touch of hip-hop and soul influence, retaining the simple,
downbeat understatement of her other songs while adding an almost ethereal quality.
Somewhere between her Moroccan roots and her life in Paris, singer-songwriter Hindi Zahra
lost track of her many musical influences:
the result is a mesmerizing elemental folk, a desert blues with african/american music.