Bioinformatics Programs in the United States

Date Compiled: June 2006




Degree Requirements

Sampling of Research Interests

Arizona State University

Professional MS with bioinformatics-genomics track

The Sloan Foundation of Computational Biosciences in the Department of Life Sciences

30 credit hours of courses, 6 credits of internship, and 6 credit hours of professional development or advanced study.  42 credit hours total.

Computational algorithms for the effective utilization of imaging modalities (e.g., PET) in the study of Alzheimer's Disease. The design of efficient, scalable algorithms for image deformation, reconstruction, and quantitative analysis (with Computer Science and Good Samaritan PET Center), parallel algorithms.

Baylor College of Medicine

PhD - Structural and Computational Biology and Molecular Biophysics, MD/PhD

Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

PhD: Collection of program-specific coursework, graduate school core curriculum, lab rotations, qualifiying exam, thesis MD/PhD: first 2 years of med school (includes clinical clerkship), followed by grad school coursework, lab rotations, thesis completion finishing with final year of med school.

The faculty research activities include development of structural and computational techniques, protein design and engineering, biophysical chemistry of macromolecules, membrane biophysics, neuroscience and genome informatics,quantitative and physical approaches to molecular and cell biology, biophysics, genomics, proteomics, neuroscience, nanobiology, molecular design, drug design, and medicine

Baylor University

 BS of Informatics w/ Bioinformatics major

Department of Computer Science, Biology Department

124 credit hours required including Humanities and Social Science, Computer Science and Biology, and Mathematics and Chemistry.

Unsupervised learning methods, automation of learning, especially in the applications knowledge discovery in science, such as bioinformatics and astrophysics; interplay among routing services, transport protocols, and information dissemination problem domains

Boston College

 Ph.D. degree in Biology with Bioinformatics/Computational Biology track

Biology Department

Minimum curriculum for Ph.D. students consists of four Graduate Core Courses (BI611 Advanced Genetics, BI612 Graduate Biochemistry, BI614 Graduate Molecular Biology, BI615 Advanced Cell Biology, and BI616 Graduate Bioinformatics); five additional Biology-approved Graduate Elective Courses (e.g., BI500+, BI800+), at least three of which must be Graduate Seminars (e.g., BI800+); and a seminar on Responsible Conduct of Research and Professional Development, (BI880). Comprehensive examination, dissertation.

 Study of genetic variations, human population and medical genetics (Prof. Gabor Marth), comparative genomics and gene regulation (Prof. Jeff Chuang), and computational RNA and protein structure predictions (Prof. Peter Clote).

Boston University

MS-Bioinformatics, MS-Clinical Bioinformatics (MD Track), PhD-Bioinformatics

Department of Bioinformatics

MS: 32 credits required and internship. MD Track: 32 credists required and thesis.  PhD: (Post-Bachelor's) - 64 credits required and exam (32 course credits, 16 research credits); (Post-Master's) 32 credits required (16 course credits, 16 research credits) and exam (For all: no lower than "B" in core courses)

Computational modeling of regulatatory and metabolic networks, docking, comparative genomics, protein design, genomic and proteomic biotechnology, microarray engineering and analysis, pharmacogenomics, structural biology, large scale modeling of biological systems, RNA, computational studies of cancer and neurological disorders and functional genomics, synthetic gene networks and molecular computing and genetics

Brandeis University

MS Bioinformatics, Graduate Certificate in Bioinformatics

Rabb School of Continuing Studies - taught by professionals in the field

MS: 36 credits; Certificate: 21 credits.  All include core courses and courses in programming, scripting language and database management.

List of faculty and research at

California State University Channel Islands (CSUCI

MS Degree program in Biotechnology and Bioinformatics

Biology Program

33-34 units total, bioinformatics emphasis (18 units (9 courses))

No specific research available on webpage

Canisius College


Department of Computer Science

37 courses (128 credits) required.  Full undergraduate curriculum.

Artificial Intelligence (Logic, Knowledge Representation, Reasoning, Natural Language Understanding, Robotics), Cognitive Science, Computer Science Education, Bioinformatics.

Cedar Crest College

BS Minor

Department of Biological Sciences

Biology, Genetics, Evolution, Biostatistics, 2 courses in Bioinformatics

Rare Plants, Neurophysiology, Microbial Pathogenesis, Viral Genetics, Evolutionary and Ecological Genetics

Columbia University

MA, PhD- both degrees in Biomedical Informatics with option of concentration in Bioinformatics

Department of Biomedical Informatics

MA: 30 credits required, oral exam; PhD: 60 credits, comp exam, dissertation, seminar presentation on research; an oral presentatiom; a dissertation.

Standards for encoding and sharing clinical guidelines, diabetes informatics, clinical data mining

DeVry University

BS in Biomedical Informatics

Technology - Biomedical Informatics

126 credits (largest concentration in Biomedical and Healthcare Informatics: 28 credits,  Programming: 19 credits,  Mathematics and Sciences: 16 credits)

No specific research mentioned.

Drexel University

 Undergraduate minor program, MS-both degrees have concentrations in bioinformatics; PhD in Integrated Bioinformatics

School of Biomedical Engineering, Science & Health Systems-Center for Integrated Bioinformatics-

Undergraduate minor: 2 core classes and 2 senior research project courses, MS and PhD: No specific requirements available on webpage

Medical and biomedical sensors, Three-dimensional tissue engineering, Biomedical
optics, Merging nanotechnology with
biomedical applications, Limb prostheses.

Duke University

PhD in Computational Biology and Bioinformatics (CBB)

Duke Institute for Genome Sciences & Policy

Core classes, electives, exams, graduate seminars, rotations, and dissertation

Computational & discrete geometry, computational biology, spatial databases, robotics, developmental biology, list at

Eastern Michigan University

Both in bioinformatics: graduate Professional Science Master's, and a Graduate Certificate.

Mulitple participating departments: departments of Biology, Chemistry, Computer Science and Mathematics in the College of Arts and Sciences, and the department of Management in the College of Business

M.S.:requires 34-36 credit hours of work; Certificate: requires 18 credit hours of course work spanning the fields that make up the Masters subjects. The certificate can be used as a gateway to the MS program for students who may not be certain they want the MS degree.

No specific research available on website

Florida International University

MS, PhD in Computer Science w/Specialization

Department of Computer Science

MS-15 credits of required CS classes and 15 electives or 9 electives, and option of thesis; PhD- 6 required CS classes, 6 electives, 24 dissertation credits, 2 credit hours of seminar

Pattern Discovery in sequences and structures, micro-array data analysis, primer and probe design, phylogenetic analysis, image processing - conducted by BioRG

Florida State University

MS/PhD in Biomedical Mathematics

Department of Mathematics

MS: 36 hours of coursework and seminars PhD: MS degree requirements, comp exam, dissertation

Mathematical physiology, protein structure determination, human brain mapping, DNA topology

Foothill College

Associate Degree, Career Certification

Biological and Health Sciences Division (BIO/Health divisions) in conjunction with the Computer Technology and Information System (CTIS) Division

53 credits for Associate Degree, 49 for Certificate


George Mason

MS, PhD, graduate Certificate in Bioinformatics

School of Computational Sciences

MS: 31 credit hours including research project or master's thesis.  PhD: 72 credits total, 48 course credits and 24 credits of thesis research. Certificate-15 credit hours

Integration of genomic, gene expression and clinical databases, protein structure and function analysis, models of cellular and metabolic processes, and models of microbial consortia. Research in the Program addresses fundamental computational methods with applications in bioinformatics, including computational geometry, image processing, pattern recognition, and data mining

George Washington University

BS in Computer Science or Biology w/ concentration in Bioinformatics or Dual BA in CS and Biology, MS in Genomics and Bioinformatics with tracks in Biology or CS

Multiple participating departments

BS: 130 credit hours required along prescribed curriculum, Dual BA: 133 credit hours required Biology MS: non-thesis option, 35 credits required with a final project.  Thesis option: 32 credits plus thesis.  CS MS: 38 credits required.

Phylogenetics, information systems, genomics and proteomics of HIV and cardiovascular disease

Georgetown University

MS in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology with specialization in Biotechnology and an emphasis in Bioinformatics

School of Medicine, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

An individualized program. As well as Biotechnology program courses, students can take courses in bioinformatics, computer science, and also intern in bioinformatics. This internship can be in academia or in industry. 6 core classes.  .

No specific research available on webpage

Georgia Institute of Technology

MS, PhD in Bioinformatics

MS-School of Biology, PhD Bioinformatics-multiple participating schools

MS-37 credits, three semesters of specific courses in biology, mathematics, computer programming, and chemistry. PhD Bioinformatics-36 course credits, 24 research credits

DNA and protein sequence analysis, comparative genomic analysis, systems analysis and structure analysis, and prediction.

Grand Valley State University

M.S. in Medical and Bioinformatics

 School of Computing and Information Systems

36 credits and internship in partnering workplace organizations, non-thesis

Computer industry analysis, Information systems policy in management, Mobile data exchange / XML

Harvard and MIT

MS Medical Informatics

Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology

Core courses and thesis requirement

Information processing in medicine, communication in medicine.

Harvard and MIT


Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology

Core courses and thesis requirement, interdisciplinary courses among both schools.

No information available on specific research interests

Indiana University at Bloomington 

MS bioinformatics, PhD minor bioinformatics

School of informatics, Department of Biology

MS: 36 credits, 6 core credits, 6 credits bioinformatics, 18 credits of electives, 6 credits project/thesis/internship; PhD minor: 12 credits

Sequence pattern recognition (transcriptomics, regulatory region prediction and characterization, splicing site recognition, gene prediction); comparative genomics (complete genome comparisons, biolinguistics, phylogenetic analysis); structural genomics (DNA, RNA and protein secondary structure prediction related; frament assembly in DNA sequencing; systems biology (biological networks, proteomics, protein annotation); models of evolution (quantitative or population genetics, molecular evolution, biochemical theories for the origin of life); molecular modeling and drug design.

Indiana University/Purdue University - Indianapolis


School of Informatics with Depts of Biology, Computer Science, Biochemisty and Molecular Biology and other departments in the School of Medicine.

MS: 36 credits, 6 core credits, 3 credits bioinformatics, 21 credits of electives, 6 credits project/thesis/internship

See IUB (above)

Iowa State University


Program in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology with multiple participating departments

Courses in genetics, molecular biology, mathematics and statistics, computer science, with research rotation in first year, interdisciplinary thesis research project completed the second year.  72 credits are required.

Intelligent searching, data warehouses, analytical tools, high performance computing in genomics

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (JHBSPH)

Master of Health Science (MHS)

School of Public Health: Departments of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology and Biostatistics

Students are required to take 16 credits each term in their first year, including at least 12 credits outside of Biostatistics. A minimum of 64 credits are required to graduate and includes a culminating project, and a web portfolio.

Mechanisms of genetic and epigenetic gene regulation in plants, human genetics, statistical genetics, survival analysis, clinical trials, epidemiological studies, bioterrorism surveillance, microarray data analysis, biomarker discovery and validation, statistical methodology, longitudinal data analysis, genomics, environmental epidemiology.

Johns Hopkins University

Pre- and post-doctoral candidates in computional biology

Institute for Biophysical Research

Candidates for graduate school apply directly to an academic department of their choice. Matriculating students admitted as predoctoral fellows in the Program complete their first year at Hopkins as a graduate student in their academic home department with the goal of satisfying Ph.D. degree requirements in that department. Thereafter, these students have considerable latitude in defining their own graduate program based on their specific interests.

Protein and RNA: folding, energetics, and dynamics, computational mechanics of large proteins, conformational statistics of biological macromolecules, applied mathematics, computational biophysics of membrane systems, biomolecular modeling, compuational protein design and ligand binding

Johns Hopkins University

MS in Bioinformatics (option to complete MS in Bioinformatics degree fully online)

Hopkins Advanced Biotechnology Studies, Zanvyl Krieger School of Arts and Sciences and the Whiting School of Engineering

A total of 11 courses to complete degree requirements: five core courses, four concentration courses, an elective from bioscience and an elective from computer science. After completion of the core and concentration courses, students may choose an independent study project as one or both of their electives. Students have up to five years to complete the program.

No specific research available on webpage

Kean University

M.S. in Biotechnology w/ Bioinformatics Concentration

College of Natural, Applied and Health Sciences

  38-42 credits, written research project paper, presentation of research in a public forum.

No specific research available on webpage

Keck Graduate Institute of Applied Life Sciences

Professional Masters of Bioscience, PhD Computational and Systems Biology

PhD: KGI and the Claremont Graduate University School of Mathematical Sciences

MS: Two academic years of work, with internship over the summer and master's paper, PhD: 72 units of coursework, dissertation

optimization of yeast recombinant protein production; genomic, proteomic, and cell-based microarray technologies; DNA amplification and analysis methods; microfluidics; molecular and computational analysis of regulatory networks; rational design of multidrug HIV therapy, and structural genomics

Marquette University/Medical College of Wisconsin


Departments of Mathematics, Statistics, Computer Science, Bio, and Electrical Engineering (MU), Bioinformatic and Biomedical Research (UWM)

Thesis: 24 credit hours required plus thesis (6 credit hours).  Non-thesis: 36 credit hours.  Core courses required for both options.

Systems identification applied to neuromuscular control of movement; cybernetics and learning; rehabilitation robotics; design of computer-based medical instrumentation; telehealth; neurofuzzy computing; computer modeling of biomedical systems, image processing and analysis, modeling of pulmonary hemodynamics, integral equations; listed at

Medical University of South Carolina


Department of Biometry and Epidemiology

MS: 5 core courses and 6 required courses for bioinformatics track; PhD: 7 core courses, three lab rotations with different mentors, Basic Written Examination, Advanced Written Qualifying Exam and all students have to demonstrate proficiency in at least one computer language.

The group research activities are focused on theory identification and algorithm development with particular emphasis on Systems Biology, S-Systems modeling of dynamic processes such as metabolism and regulatory networks, machine learning, including artificial intelligence, namely artificial neural networks, Bayesian networks and exploratory analysis by mutivariate statistics.

Michigan Technical University


Department of Biological Sciences

74 credits of bioinformatics work and mandatory cooperative work experience required.

Immunology, microbial toxicology and biochemistry, molecular diagnostics

Missouri Southern State University

BS Concentration in Bioinformatics

Department of Computer Science

124 total credit hours (66 credit hours combined of  core computer science and biology courses)

No specific research available on website

New Jersey Institute of Technology


Department of Continuing Professional Education

4 courses (12 credit hours) - 3 core, 1 elective

No specific research available on website

North Carolina State University

MS (non-thesis), PhD, Minor (for students pursuing a Ph.D. in Functional Genomics or another discipline; there is no minor offered for M.S. degrees)

Program in Genomic Sciences

MS: 33-36 credit hours: 15 Genomic Sciences core, 9 Bioinformatics Core, 9 credits of electives, with oral exam, non-thesis degree.  PhD: 72 credit hours: 15 Genomic Science, 9 Bioinformatics Core, 48 Bioinformatics and thesis.

Using genomics tools to identify quantitative trait loci, developmental quantitative genetics and molecular evolution, molecular population and evolutionary genetics, application of Information Theory to genetics, fungal molecular genetics, nucleic acid design, molecular biology and biophysics

Northeastern University


Department of Biology's Program in Bioinformatics with multiple participating departments

32 credits required.  Core courses with electives, internship required, some background in basic disciplines can be filled in with extra work.

 Genetic pathway of red blood cell formation, sensory physiology of microorganisms, methods of theoretical and computational analysis of biological macromolecules, development of computer front-end bioinformatics application for visualization and analysis, future electronic information systems for scientific research literature, understanding the molecular basis of transmembrane signaling by G protein-coupled receptors, nanoparticles, quantum systems

Northern Illinois University

MS Specialization, Certification

Department of Biological Sciences

30 credits required for MS with specialization, 16-17 required for certificate

Arabidopsis BLAST searches, enzyme rate studies, similarity matrices, Rice chromosome studies

Northwestern University


School of Engineering and Applied Science-Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

3 core courses, seminar sequence, five electives, 3 units of independent research with one quarter spent in an industrial setting, thesis required.



Ohio State University

PhD (program encourages all applicants to go for a Ph.D.;MS automatically received by all all students who pass their general exams (approximately after their second year) )

Biophysics Program's Division of Computational Biology and Molecular Biophysics

Programs are highly individual and are worked out with your advisor in contract form.  Before the end of the tenth quarter of residence, the student must complete both the written preliminary exam and the general exam. Thesis defense is required for completion of degree.

Assembly and function of protein complexes, neural networks, function of solute transporters in health and disease.

Oregon Health & Sciences University

All degrees in Biomedical Informatics: MS (research) and MS (professional), PhD; Graduate Certificate

Department of Medical Informatics and Clinical Epidemiology

MS research: 60 credit hours required, with 48 credits of course work distributed among four core areas, and 12 credits of thesis research.  MS professional: 52 credit hours required with Capstone Project.  Six credit on-campus requirement; PhD: Core classes (48 hours), advanced research methods (12 hours beyond minimum in MS), Cognate-area outside informatics (12 hours), qualifying exam, symposium (3 hours), doctoral seminar (12+ hours, 2 hrs/term), dissertation research (48 hours), mentored teaching (up to 6 hours);  Certificate: Eight courses (3 credits each) required.

Areas of research include electronic medical records, information retrieval, information needs assessment, human-computer interfaces, consumer health informatics, telemedicine, clinical epidemiology and consortium-based research

Portland State University and Oregon Health & Science University

Five year, dual degree program: B.S. Computer Science degree and a Master of Biomedical Informatics degree at the end of five years

PSU's Computer Science Department and OHSU's Department of Medical Informatics and Clinical Epidemiology

 B.S. degree in Computer Science from PSU  requirements and  Master of Biomedical Informatics from OHSU requirements. See course page.

No specific research mentioned on webpage. Faculty listing/research:

Ramapo College


School of Theoretical and Applied Science

128 credits, 65 core credits with option for Bioinformatics research with faculty or internship in industry

Client-server applications, peptide synthesis methodology, nucleic acid research, molecular genetics and physiology, database design

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

BS, MS in Applied Science w/Concentration in Bioinformatics, PhD in Biology with Concentration in Bioinformatics, Certificate in Bioinformatics

School of Science's Department of Applied Science and Biology

Certificate: 13-14 Rensselaer graduate credits; No information on website about others (files not available (off-line))

Regulation of gene expression, protein folding and structure, data mining, molecular simulations, drug design

Rice University

MS in Computer Science w/ Concentration

Department of Computer Science

Specific courses listed on website.  14 courses required.


Rochester Institute of Technology

BS, MS (professional), BS/MS (The existing BS program may be combined with the MS program in Bioinformatics, allowing undergraduate majors to acquire both degrees in as few as five years.)

Department of Biological Sciences

BS:  187 credits including completion of one cooperative education experience; MS requirements not on website

No specific research mentioned (webpage in development)

Rockefeller University/New York University's Courant Institute

PhD, or MD/PhD

Department of Biology (NYU Center for Comparative Functional Genomics)

No specific information available.

Systems Biology and Protein Structure, Statistical Genomics, Databases and Systems Biology, C. elegans Evolutionary Genomics, Fly Transcription Networks

St. Edwards University


School of Natural Sciences

52 credits of core courses, with 13 elective credits required in bioinformatics


Stanford University

MS (academic--full-time on-campus program ), MS (professional--part-time, online, distance program), MS (coterminal, Stanford UG's only), PhD, Coterminal MS program (Stanford undergraduates only), Certification

Department of Biomedical Informatics; Stanford Center for Professional Development (SCPD) (certificate program)

MS (Academic): thesis in addition to completing a minimum of 45 course units; MS (Professional): identical to Academic MS, except no thesis requirement; PhD: minimum of 135 course units in Biomedical Informatics, Biomedical Domain Knowledge, Computer Science, Probability, Statistics, and Social and Ethical Issues; Qualifying Oral examination (no later than end of 3rd year) and doctoral dissertation around the fifth year.

Diverse topics including: biomedical informatics, biomedical imaging, ontologies engineering, electronic medical records, pharmacogenetics/pharmacogenomics, information retrieval; Descriptions of the affiliated research projects available at

Stevens Institute of Technology

BS, MS, PhD in Chemical Biology w/concentration; Certificate

Department of Chemistry & Chemical Biology

MS: 30 credits required (thesis not required, but is encouraged); PhD; Ninety credits of graduate work in an approved program of study are required beyond the bachelor's degree; this may include up to 30 credits obtained in a master's degree program, if the area of the master's degree is relevant to the doctoral program. Those with a master's degree who wish to transfer those credits toward the Ph.D. must be aware that only one master's degree can be used toward the Ph.D., doctoral dissertation and defense included. Certificate: 12 credits (4 courses), all of which are transferable to the appropriate Master's degree program.

Polymer synthesis and characterization, methods of instrumental analysis, medicinal chemistry and structural chemistry (theoretical as well as experimental) are areas of chemistry in which the department has attained international recognition.

Univ of Arkansas at Little Rock & Univ of Ark. for Medical Scien (UALR/UAMS)

ULAR Undergraduate minor, MS, PhD,  Professional Certificate in Bioinformatics (PCB) and a Graduate Certificate in Bioinformatics (GCB) are under development

UALR/UAMS Joint Graduate Program in Bioinformatics; ULAR Undergraduate Minor: Biology and Information Science Departments

Minor: For majors in Information Science and Computer Science: 18 credit hours.  MS: Approximately 34 total credits of coursework in 10 courses, 4 total credits of seminar over 4 semesters, and 2 total credits for 4 research lab rotations over 2 semesters. PhD: Requires completion of the MS in Bioinformatics. Subsequently, students concentrate almost exclusively upon their research and must complete a minimum of 36 additional credit hours

Understanding receptor mediated signal transduction and intracellular signaling mechanisms in relation to environmental changes or in disease states; Molecular Systematics and Evolution, Ecology, and Biostatistics; Software Engineering Domain Oriented High Level Architecture, Component-based Software Development, Intelligent User Interface Agent Based Development Data Mining, see

University of Alabama - Birmingham

Specializations for MS, PhD, M.S./Ph.D. program (intended for students whose ultimate goal is the Ph.D. degree but who do not currently hold an M.S. degree in computer science, students receive an M.S. degree on the way to the Ph.D. when the requirements for an M.S. have been met but this will usually occur much later than if you are studying directly for the M.S. as you will be expected to be heavily involved in research which counts toward the Ph.D. degree but not toward an M.S. degree)

Department of Computer & Information Sciences; Opportunities are available for a Ph.D. specialization in bioinformatics in collaboration with the UAB Academic Health Center.

MS: With a specialization, students take 15 hours in the area of specialization (6 required hours, 9 elective hours) and 21 hours of other computer science courses, for a total of 36 hours; must fullfill requirements for Exit Exam and Breadth requirment.   PhD: flexible study options that have no required courses, but rather emphasize individualized training that is suitable for the specific prospective candidate and his or her area of specialization; PhD requires qualifying and comprehensive exams, dissertation and defense

Joint research projects with groups that include the Graduate Program in Biomedical Engineering, Crystallography Center, Biochemistry Department, and Materials Science and Mechanical Engineering Department. Medical informatics research opportunities available on projects in information filtering research in collaboration with Health Information Management. Some projects are affiliated with The Center for Telecommunications Education and Research. Research relationships have also been established with several national laboratories: Lawrence Livermore, Los Alamos, and Argonne. These relationships provide opportunities for graduate students to use facilities at these locations.

University of Buffalo

BS in in bioinformatics and computational biology (BCB)

College of Arts and Sciences--Students in the BCB program select a major from among four concentrations, offered in the Departments of Biological Sciences, Physiology and Biophysics, Computer Science and Engineering, and Mathematics.

 Students in the program complete a full major in their area of concentration and also take additional courses important to bioinformatics in disciplines that complement their concentration. All students take courses in calculus, statistics, molecular biology, organic chemistry, and databases, as well as a core course in bioinformatics. In addition, students enroll in a bioinformatics seminar and complete an interdisciplinary project during their senior year. 120 total credits required. See for specific course requirments and credit hours.

Computational biology, protein structure and function prediction on a genomic scale, computational genomics, proteomics, pharmacogenomics, metabolomics, epigenetics and very large-scale biological simulations, with the ultimate aim of being to simulate at the molecular level entire cells.

University of California - Berkeley

Professional Sequence (Professional Sequence in Bioinformatics: Quantitative and Computational Methods) w/Certificate given

UC Berkeley Extension - Continuing Education

Three 2-semester unit/30-hour credit courses and one 0.7 ceu course, for a total of 97 hours (6 semester units and 0.7 ceu). All coursework must be completed within two years, with a minimum grade point average of 2.5 and no grade lower than a C in any one class. There are no substitutions or waivers

No specific research mentioned on website.

University of California - Irvine

MS, PhD, both have research areas in Informatics in Biology or Medicine

School of Information and Computer Science

Three core courses, plus at least 6 additional courses, and courses to satisfy a breadth requirement.  Other core courses required for ICS school. Paper Requirement for the Ph.D. Degree. Each student must write a survey paper and a research paper of publishable quality.

Research in bio/medical informatics include: Medical Information Access; Knowledge Representation for Health-Care Guidelines; Structure in Biomedical Data; Biomedical Simulations; Discovery of Gene Expression Control; Knowledge Discovery in Clinical Databases; Computational Biology; Bioinformatics and Probabilistic Modeling

University of California - Los Angeles

BS in Cybernetics w/Concentration in Bioinformatics, MS, PhD

Mult. Depts: Biomathematics, Chemistry and Biochemistry, Statistics, Computer Science et al.

BS:  methodology core (6 courses: 23 units), bioinformatics concentration area (38 or 32 units), 6 courses chosen from the Bioinformatics Approved Course List and breadth area (3 courses: 12 unit minimum). 

Predicting membrane protein structure, analyses of genome evolution, microarrays

University of California - Riverside

PhD in Genomics and Bioinformatics (GGB) with a subspecialization in Genomics/Bioinformatics track. The GGB Program also administers a full undergraduate curriculum in Genomics/Bioinformatics within the Biological Sciences major.

Genetics, Genomics and Bioinformatics (GGB) Graduate Program

BS: Life Sciences core requirements (65–68 units), Computer Science and Mathematics (16 units). Ethics and Science (4 units), Upper-division requirements (a minimum of 45 units), Breadth electives, Independent study or research in the field of bioinformatics or genomics is recommended; PhD: Normative Time to Degree 15 quarters: Specific course requirements are selected on the basis of the subdiscipline and the student’s particular needs and objectives. Students are strongly encouraged to participate in lab rotations, select a major professor and begin research work early in their training (during the first year of residence). Written preliminary examination and an oral qualifying examination, teaching requirement (at least one quarter of teaching experience), and dissertation and final oral examination.

Genetic manipulation of insects of commercial importance; translational regulation; molecular responses to environmental stress, molecular microbial ecology of pests, pathogens, and ecosystem; combinatorial algorithms; computational molecular biology, computational molecular biology; data compression; data mining; information hiding and others at

University of California - San Diego

BS Computer Science with a Specialization in Bioinformatics, PhD, also PhD in Neuroinformatics

BS:  Computer Science and Engineering Department, Division of Biology, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Department of Bioengineering: PhD: Mult. Depts: 7 participating departments and graduate programs- Bioengineering, Biology, Biomedical Sciences, Chemistry and Biochemistry, Computer Science and Engineering, Mathematics, and Physics

BS: The Computer Science and Engineering requirements: 152 units;  the bioinformatics series: 24 units; PhD: Biological Data and Analysis Tools, Sequence Analysis, Genomic Analysis, and Statistics are areas emphasized; Three quarters of work required, one four-unit course in each quarter will be a research rotation in the laboratory of a Program faculty mentor. The remaining 9 courses will include 4 compulsory core courses and 5 courses to be chosen from a list of electives approved by the Advising Committee. Upon completion of formal course requirements, each student will be required to take a written and oral Qualifying  Examination that will admit the student to the candidacy of the Ph.D. program. Each graduate student admitted to the Ph.D. program in Bioinformatics is mandated to serve as a Teaching Assistant (TA) for at least 2 quarters. Dissertation and final oral exam required.

Synthetic gene regulatory networks, algorithms for Computational molecular biology, structural bioinformatics, artificial intelligence, enzymes, genomics etc

University of California - San Francisco

MS – The M.S. program is open only to students with a health sciences-related graduate or professional degree (e.g., M.D., Pharm.D., M.S. in epidemiology);  PhD

Graduate Program in Biological and Medical Informatics

 MS:  A total of 36 academic units and final research projectPh.D: there is no unit requirement for PhD, but requirements include oral qualifying examination and thesis.

Structure, function, and folding of proteins, chromosomes, and centrosomes; Applications of computer technology to clinical medicine and imaging; Bioinformatic and experimental analysis of protein superfamilies for understanding protein structure-function relationships and developing strategies for protein engineering, etc

University of California - Santa Cruz

All degrees in bioinformatics: BS (bioinformatics students may apply in their senior year for combined B.S./graduate program), minor ( this minor is suitable for biology and chemistry majors or for computer science and computer engineering majors.), MS and PhD

 Department of Biomolecular Engineering

Minor: 15 courses; Both M.S. and Ph. D. students must complete nine 5-credit courses (seven core courses and two electives) and a 3-credit research and teaching course. In addition, M.S. students must complete 4 seminar credits, while Ph. D. students must complete 8 seminar credits. Also, M.S. students must complete two (1-credit or 2-credit) research project courses and Ph.D. students must complete three research lab rotations with different supervisors. Thesis required for both MS and PhD.

Gene finding methods, RNA detection techniques, proteomics, estimation of amino acid distributions. More specific descriptions at

University of Cincinnati

 PhD in Biomedical Engineering with Specialization in Bioinformatics

Department of Biomedical Engineering

138 credits, written and oral qualifying examination at end of 2nd year, last 2-3 years devoted to completion of dissertation

Computational neuroscience, computer learning, genomics, proteonomics, computational modeling and computational software development and applications to healthcare. Bioinformatics brings together researchers in computer engineering, computer science, genomics, proteonomics, neuroscience

University of Colorado at Denver

Certificate in Computational Biology

Center for Computational Biology

15 credits

Image processing and radiation therapy, Population genetics, Algorithm design for problems in DNA mapping, Computational mechanics

University of Colorado at Denver

PhD in Analytical Health Science/ Bioinformatics

CU Health Sciences Center - Department of Preventative Medicine and Biometrics

To apply for candidacy in the AHS/Bioinformatics PhD track, students must complete a minimum of 30 semester credit hours of course work (mimimum of 10 semester credit hours of Bioinformatics courses)(including academic credits transferred from other programs) and a minimum of 30 semester credit hours of doctoral dissertation research. While the PhD program only has three required courses, students quite often have to backfill areas of deficiencies with additional elective/recommended courses beyond their prior graduate-level academic work. Dissertation Examination.

Ontologies in biomedicine, bio-molecular dynamics, genomic sequence and polymorphism, gene expression analysis, biochemical pathway analysis

University of Idaho

MS, PhD Bioinformatics and Computational Biology (BCB)

Initiative for Bioinformatics and Evolutionary Studies (IBEST)

Both degrees require: Core courses, depth courses, lab rotation, seminars, teaching experience, and thesis.  MS: 32 credits (9 credits of thesis research), PhD: 78 credits (at least 30 hours of thesis research).

Research in three disciplines: biological, mathematical and computational sciences. Sampling of projects:  Spatial Dynamics of Plasmid-Bacteria Interactions, Microbial Community Analysis, Decision Theoretic Approach to Model Selection, Evolving Ecological Networks, Potato Genetic Map. List at

University of Illinois at Chicago

BS in Bioengineering with Bioinformatics Concentration; MS, PhD Bioinformatics

Department of Bioengineering

BS:  128 credit hours (12 Bioinformatics Concentration Area Elective hours); Graduate: 36 credits minimum of specific courses in biochemistry, mathematics, statistics, and bioengineering for MS, 108 credits for PhD.  Thesis required for both.

Structural Bioinformatics--cutting-edge computational methods for analyzing binding protein surfaces and core packing of proteins; Cheminformatics--developement of novel shape descriptors for molecular data mining for drug discovery; Research in Computational Biology, Machine Learning & Data Mining Combinatorial and Global Optimization.

University of Maryland

MS Biotechnology Studies w/ Bioinformatics Track; Certificate

Graduate School

MS:  36 credits (18 credits-core bioinformatics courses, 15 credits-electives, 3 credit capstone course) Certificate: 15 credits (5 courses)

Biomedical research, genomics, biosensors, molecular biology, biological database modeling and design, specifically microarray gene expression databases

University of Massachusetts - Lowell

Degrees in specified areas available with Bio/Cheminformatics Option: BS, MS, PhD

Department of Computer Science collaborating with Depts of Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics and the Medical School.

BS: 120-124 credits depending on major; MS: 30 total credits; PhD: 42 total credits (24 credits-thesis)

Data mining, visualization of data, applied computational geometry, combinatorial optimization, medical informatics, computer graphics, virtual environments, user interfaces, computational complexity, applied algorithms

University of Medicine & Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ)

MS/PhD certificate

Informatics Institute of UMDNJ, The Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences (GSBS)

 MS: A certificate documenting completion of the Concentration in Bioinformatics will be awarded to students earning the M.S. degree from their graduate program upon completion of 12 Credit Hours in consultation with the Program Supervisor; PhD: the Ph.D. degree from their graduate program upon successful completion of the entire Bioinformatics Core Curriculum including appropriate Research and Electives for a total of 18 Credit Hours.

No specific research available on webpage

University of Memphis

MS Computer Science or Mathematical Sciences w/Concentration

Department of Mathematical Sciences's Computer Science Division

With PhD: 30 credits, without: 33 credits required.  Thesis required for both.

 Supercomputer design and construction for bioinformatic and e-commerce applications, random number generation, analysis of exchangeable data, distribution theory, statistical risk assessment and meta-analysis

University of Michigan

MS:  Professional Masters Degree Track, Research Masters Degree Track; PhD

MS: Bioinformatics Program through Rackham Graduate School; PhD, 2 tracks: Students interested in joint experimental and computational emphasis and have prior experience in the biological sciences should enter through the Program in Biomedical Sciences (PIBS) at the University of Michigan Medical School. Students interested in quantitative and analytical sciences should apply directly to the Bioinformatics Program through the Rackham Graduate School.

MS: 31 credits of core courses and electives, Professional MS: Internship in industry required; Research MS: rotation in a laboratory required, thesis encouraged.  PhD: 68 credits required with two full research rotations the first year, preliminary exam and dissertation.

Theory of protein folding, including structure, thermodynamics, and kinetics; statistical and computational methods for analysis of high-throughput genomic and proteomic expression data, intracellular proteases, theoretical and computational topics at the interface between structural molecular biology and physical chemistry, finding genes involved in behavioral and neurological and psychiatric diseases

University of Minnesota

minor is available to master’s (M.A. and M.S.) and doctoral students

Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology

Minor requires core courses, 9 credits for master's, 15 credits for doctoral minor.

Pharmacology: molecular genetic mechanisms of DNA repair and recombination in mammalian cancer cells; Computer Science: complex, scientific databases; Animal Science: quantitative genetics, including statistical analysis for mapping disease genes and quantitative trait loci, Laboratory Medicine and Pathology: bioinformatics tools; Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics: using and developing functional genomics tools, others at

University of Missouri - Kansas City

BS in Biology w/ Bioinformatics Emphasis; M.S. in Computer Science w/ Bioinformatics Emphasis; PhD in Informatics w/ Bioinformatics Emphasis

BS: Department of Biology; MS, PhD: School of Computing & Engineering: Department of Computer Science & Electrical Engineering

BS: Biology or CS degree requirements combined with the mathematics, chemistry and physics components (see course url) MS: Thesis and non-thesis option (both must satisfy all common requirements). Thesis option: 27 hours of approved coursework, complete a minimum of 3 hours Research and Thesis, complete a minimum of 9 hours in the emphasis area; contact a thesis adviser in the semester in which the student completes 12 hours of graduate work, present master’s thesis, pass a general oral examination Non-thesis:  36 hours of approved coursework, 12 hours in the emphasis area; contact an adviser after completing 12 hours of graduate work to complete the program of study. PhD: The amount of work required for the Ph.D. depends on the student’s level of preparation. Requires qualifying and comprehensive exams.

Biological data mining, Intelligent software agents in biology, Modeling biological systems, Parallel Computation, Algorithms, Computational Geometry, Cryptosystem Design, Computer Security, Network Security, others listed at

University of Nebraska

MS in Pathology and Microbiology with Special Track in Bioinformatics, PhD in Pathology and Microbiology with Special Track in Bioinformatics

Department of Pathology & Microbiology at University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC), with support from the departments of Computer Science and Information Systems and Quantitative Analysis in the College of Information Science and Technology at University of Nebraska at Omaha (UNO)

MS: Eleven foundation biology, computational sciences courses, core biological sciences, computational sciences, electives and independent study.  PhD: Similar course requirements, with addition of comprehensive exam and thesis

No information available on specific research interests

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

MS Certificate of Specialization, PhD Certificate of Specialization

MS:  School of Information and Library Science; PhD: Bioinformatics and Computational Biology (BCB) Training Program (affiliated with the Carolina Center for Genome Sciences

MS Certification: 48 required hours for a MLS/MIS with completion of a significant project in the area of bioinformatics, and coursework in Biostatistics: 3 credit hours minimum, Biological Sciences: 6 credit hours minimum; PhD Specialization: Two research rotations, one semester of teaching, bioinformatics core classes, and research presentation required in addition to completing PhD requirement in participating department (over 20 partipcating departments).  Possible internships.

Digital libraries, new methods of electronic scholarly communications, information seeking behavior of bioinformatics researchers, computer human interfaces to support information seeking of scholarly information; computational and experimental methods to design proteins, physical nature of interactions between atoms, molecules, cells, and organisms; motor proteins and transcriptional regulation; High-performance computing: algorithms, programming languages, compilers and architectures; data mining. Others at

University of Pennsylvania

BS Biology, Computer Science, or Mathematics w/ computational biology/bioinformatics Concentration, MS in Biotechnology (MB) w/Concentration, PhD in Genomics and Computational Biology

BS: Departments of Biology, Computer and Information Science (CIS), and Mathematics, MS: multiple participating departments( Biology, Chemistry, Genetics, Computer and Information Science, Chemical Engineering and Bioengineering) from the School of Arts and Sciences and the School of Engineering and Applied Science; PhD: mulitple participating departments, program administered by the Biomedical Graduate Studies (BGS) office

MS: eleven courses: six core courses and five courses from the bioinformatics track; PhD: Three research rotations (3-4 credit units total), Eight courses consisting of both core lectures and electives (8 credit units total), One semester-long seminar that focuses on reading and discussing primary literature, Any combination of additional rotations, courses, seminars, or independent study for a total of 20 credit units over four semesters and two summers. Exam and dissertation.

No information available on website about specific research interests, did note that activities of the participating academic units in GCB are enhanced through association with two additional units: the Penn Center for Bioinformatics (PCBI), which provides a focus for bioinformatics and genomics research and service to Penn, and the Penn Genomics Institute, established to provide intellectual leadership in studying genomes as a whole and undertaking large-scale analysis of gene products by integrating associated disciplines at Penn.

University of Pittsburgh

Certification, MS in Biomedical Informatics w/Concentration, PhD in Biomedical Informatics w/Concentration, Biomedical Informatics Certificate Program

Center for Biomedical Informatics

MS: 36 credit hours, required core courses, electives, oral examination and thesis.  PhD: 72 credits (54 credits of coursework and 18 dissertation credits following admission to candidacy) required core courses, electives, oral examination and thesis. Certificate: 15 credit hours (includes 2-3 credit research project)

Bioinformatics, Clinical Trials , Consumer Health Informatics, Health Information System Evaluation, Machine Learning in Biomedical Informatics, Modeling and Simulation of Clinical and Biomedical Processes, Natural Language Processing (NLP) of Clinical Textual Documents, Patient Safety, Public Health Surveillance (details at

University of South Florida


Administered by the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology in the College of Medicine with other participating departments

41 credits, with 9 core classes and a thesis or internship

Structure, function and regulation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase; Biosynthesis of molybdopterin in eukaryotes; molecular biology of polyisoprenol biosynthesis; Structure and function of metalloenzymes and flavoproteins; Regulation of transcriptional activation and intra-cellular signaling; tumor immunology.

University of Southern California

 PhD in Computational Biology and Bioinformatics

The Department of Biological Sciences ( Molecular and Computational Biology Section)

60 credits and thesis.

Statistical analysis of microarray data and related technologies, the study of protein-protein interactions and protein function prediction combining different sources of biological data, and a genomic polymorphism survey of Arabidopsis.

University of Tennessee at Knoxville


Genomic Science and Technology Graduate School at UT-K w/ Oak Ridge National Laboratories

MS: Similar requirements with thesis at end.  PhD: 26 credits minimum, with thesis.

High-throughput genome sequence production; high-throughput sequence analysis tools and pipelines; whole-genome gene finding, gene and protein modeling, and genome annotation; advanced bioinformation systems and laboratory information systems; applications of high-performance biocomputing; and computational research in molecular biology

University of Texas - Austin

PhD track in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology

Graduate Program in Cell and Molecular Biology

Bioinformatics track: core courses (listed at and 3 elective courses chosen from approved list, participation in a journal club each year for the second through fourth years, not necessarily for credit, and thesis.

RNA biology, Plant molecular biology, systems and syntheic biology

University of Texas - El Paso

Professional MS

Departments of Biological Sciences, Chemistry, Computer Science, and Mathematical Sciences.

2 years, consists of 40-41 graduate hours of courses in the computational, mathematical, and life sciences; also requires a summer practical work experience internship in the public or private sector; Thesis is an option but not a requirement for this degree

DNA sequence assembly and analysis; ecology and phylogeny; microarray and proteomics data analysis; RNA and protein structure prediction.

University of the Sciences at Philadelphia

BS, MS (The program is designed so that students who complete the BS degree at USP can realistically expect to complete the requirements for a MS degree with one additional year of study. Students whose background does not include extensive preparation in Bioinformatics and/or Computer Science should anticipate a longer period of study.)

Program in Bioinformatics

22 credits core courses, electives beyond that and completion of an independent project over a period of two semesters. The student will take primary responsibility for a practical programming problem in Bioinformatics, typically the creation of software needed to fulfill a specific real-life need. This independent work will be conducted at the site of an industrial or academic partner of the USP Bioinformatics program

No specific research mentioned on website.

University of Utah

MS/PhD in Medical Informatics with a Bioinformatics track, Certificate Program (beginning 8/2006,
specific requirements and guidelines will be posted on department website as they become available.)

Department of Medical Informatics 

MS: 30 semester hours (23 of formal coursework, 7 of research leading to thesis), completion of thesis, comp exam after the first year of study                                                                    PhD: 40 semester hours of formal coursework, written/oral comp exam after 1st year, 14 semester hours of research work, dissertation, completion of written/oral qualifying exams after completion of coursework; Certificate:  15 total hours required  certificate

Computational statistical methods for analysis and display of complex genetic data with emphasis in graphical modeling and Markov chain Monte Carlo methods, and the development of scalable Parallel Genetic Algorithms for Bioinformatics; genomic studies pertaining to breast cancer, prostate cancer, Intracranial Aneurysm / Osteoporosis / Asthma / Depression, Aging/Longevity

University of Wisconsin-Madison

 All degrees from Computation and Informatics in Biology and Medicine (CIBM) Training Program: PhD with an emphasis in bioinformatics; Pre- and post-doctoral candidates

Computation and Informatics in Biology and Medicine Training Program (CS, Biochemistry, Statistics, Genetics, Chemical and Biological Engineering, etc.)

PhD: Completion of a minor outside one's home dept. (12 credits), 3 classes in Bioinformatics/Biostatistics, 3 Biological classes, 3 CS classes, one-semester course in Scientific Ethics; Pre and Post docs: 9 credits minimum plus a course in Scientific Ethics

Machine learning and bioinformatics; algorithms for data mining and machine learning, and their applications to biomedical data; Relation of  the three-dimensional structure and dynamics of proteins to their biological functions; information extraction from on-line biomedical text

University of Wisconsin-Madison

Capstone Certificate Program in Bioinformatics (For UW-Madison post-doctoral fellows and employees of Madison-area companies working in molecular biology who are interested in bioinformatics training), Graduate Certificate Program in Bioinformatics

Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics

12 credits (3 required classes, one elective). The program typically can be completed in 1-2 years.

Collaborative projects include pharmacophore discovery for drug design, automated systems that collaborate with humans in knowledge discovery, automated methods for extracting information from the biomedical literature and the use of computer technologies in the home-care for patients with complex health problems.

University of Wisconsin-Parkside

B.S. in Molecular Biology & Bioinformatics

Biology Department

120 credits required

Role of proteolysis in prokaryotic physiology; enriching science education for all through technology;
molecular mechanisms that control plant gene expression; molecular systematics of vertebrates; ecology and evolution of West Indian vertebrates; island biogeography

Vanderbilt University

MS in Biomedical Informatics and PhD Concentration

Vanderbilt University Medical Center's Program in Biomedical Informatics

Amount of formal coursework will vary depending on student prior background and concentration area: MS: 27-40 credits required with thesis. PhD: 33-46 credits with teaching experience and thesis

Clinical terminology systems, medical informatics, machine learning, genetic expression of cancer genes. List at

Virginia Commonwealth University

BS, Master (non-thesis, professional degree), MS (thesis), BS/MS Accelerated Program (All degrees in bioinformatics)

Center for the Study of Biological Complexity

BS: Life Sciences General Education Requirements, specific training in the Collateral Coursework and in the Bioinformatics Core Curriculum (40 credits), and focused training in the areas of Biology/Genomics, Computational Science or Quantitative/Statistical Bioinformatics through track-specific courses; M Biof.: 35 credits; Programs give choices among 3 different tracks: Biology/Genomics, Computational Science, Quantitative/Statistical

No specific research available on webpage

Virginia Polytechnic Institute

PhD in Genetics, Bioinformatics and Computational Biology

Program in Genetics, Bioinformatics, and Computational Biology

Students choose a primary track from four specialty tracks:  life sciences, computer science, statistics and mathematics.  Also complete core courses and dissertation research project, and additional focused research experiences may be required.

Molecular modeling and protein structure and function, genomic sequence analysis from an evolutionary perspective, bioinformatic and imaging approaches to antiviral drug discovery, biomolecular electrostatics, protein folding and dynamics,  microarray transcription data, computational methods for use in air quality modeling. See for others.

Wright State University

BS in Computer Science w/Bioinformatics option, BS in Biology w/Bioinformatics option  MS in CS (course of study can be designed to include computational aspects of Bioinformatics)

Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Department of Biological Sciences

CS: 195 credit hours required.  Bio: 200 credit hours required  MS: 48 credit hours (including 12 credit hours toward thesis)

Protein binding interactions, comparative protein structure modeling, drug lead screening by region-based regression for QSAR analysis, data mining of three-dimensional protein structure information, repetitive elements as time-series genomic data., molecular visualization, forensic analysis of DNA evidence data

Yale University

PhD - Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Program

Combined Program in the Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Completion of 9 courses encompassing the following core areas:  computational biology and bioinformatics, biological sciences, and informatics; graduate seminar on research ethics, multiple research rotations, CBB seminar series , two semesters as a teaching assistant, qualifying exam (oral portion includes questioning on dissertation prospectus), and work in lab of thesis advisor.

Computational approaches to functional and integrative genomics, theoretical molecular biology and computational algorithms, computational analysis of macromolecular structures, heterogeneous database design and information integration






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