take the What's Your Leadership Style? quiz and come prepared to discuss your results
Most developmental psychologists agree that what differentiates one leader from another is not so much philosophy of leadership, personality, or style of management. Rather, it's internal "action logic"--how a leader interprets the surroundings and reacts when his or her power or safety is challenged. Relatively few leaders, however, try to understand their action logic, and fewer still have explored the possibility of changing it.
They should, because leaders who undertake this voyage of personal understanding and development can transform not only their own capabilities but also those of their companies. The authors draw on 25 years of consulting experience and collaboration with psychologist Susanne Cook-Greuter to present a typology of leadership based on the way managers personally make sense of the world around them. Rooke and Torbert classify leaders into seven distinct action/logic categories:
- the first three associated with below-average performance, the latter four with medium to high performance.
These leadership styles are not fixed, the authors say, and executives who are willing to work at developing themselves and becoming more self-aware can almost certainly move toward one of the more effective action logics. A Diplomat, for instance, can succeed through hard work and self-reflection at transforming himself into a Strategist. Few people may become Alchemists, but many will have the desire and potential to become Individualists and Strategists. Corporations that help their executives and leadership teams to examine their action logics can reap rich rewards.
St. Germain is the stage name of Ludovic Navarre, a French musician whose style merges jazzy house music with acid jazz. His album Boulevard was released in July 1995 and has sold over 300,000 copies worldwide. His United States debut, Tourist, was released in 2000 and sold 200,000 copies. Bob Marley, Toots and the Maytals, Miles Davis and Kool & The Gang are among Ludovic's early influences. He composed his first work under the name of Sub System with friend Guy Rabiller. He has released EPs under a number of aliases, among them Deepside, LN's, Modus Vivendi, Hexagone, Nuages and Soofle.
By the way, he is on one of the keyboards.
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