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MacMullen, W. John (2005). Annotation as Process, Thing, and Knowledge: Multi-domain studies of structured data annotation. SILS Technical Report TR-2005-02. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, School of Information and Library Science, Technical Report Series.

Following Bucklandís (1991) work on the nature of information, this paper characterizes the multi-faceted concept of  "annotation" as process, thing, and knowledge. This typology is then used to enumerate general research questions for the exploration of annotation in arbitrary domains. Our research teamís investigation of annotation of structured data in specific domains and user groups is described, including library catalogers, musicians, historical geographers, web users, statistical analysts, and biomedical researchers.

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