Information From Processes

Robert Losee

A book on Information and Information Science. Not a book about computers or psychology, the emphasis here is on information, the processes that produce information, and how information can be understood and used in a range of environments.

Published by Springer, 2012. Can be ordered from or Barnes and Noble. Available in electronic form in most library systems that have Springer electronic books by clicking here.

Introduction (The advantages of the approach taken in Information from Processes to the study of information in a range of disciplines)

Ch. 1: Information (Information, Processes, Process Output, Communication, Physical World and Entropy, People and Information, Hierarchies of Processes, Defining Information, Characteristics of Information Phenomena)
Ch. 2: Processes ( Functions, Processing, Decidability, Formal Computational Models, Systems, Maxwell's Demon, Reversibility and Information Loss, Basis for Information, Process Complexity, Information Theory and Channels, Networks of Processes )
Ch. 3: Representation ( Encoding and Decoding Representations, Error Detection and Correction, Compression, Secrecy, Metainformation, Organizing Representations for Access, Retrieving, Structured Information )
Ch. 4: Improving the Informative ( What is the best?, Accidental and Evolutionary Improvement, Evolution of Communication, Self-organization, Directed Improvement, Producing Statements with Reasoning, Quantitative Information Reasoning )
Ch. 5: Words and Knowledge ( Perceiving and Observing, Reference, Sense, Descriptions, Classes, A Priori Information, Ideas and Mental Representations, Truth, Justification for Beliefs, Knowledge and Information )
Ch. 6: Economic Value ( Utility, Decisions with Uncertain Information, Competing Processes, Choosing a Strategy, Adverse Selection, Moral Hazard, Signalling, Cooperative Processes, Groups of Processes )
Ch. 7: Information Redux ( What is Information Science? What is not Information Science? Theoretical Information Science vs Applied Information Science, Information Science vs Information Technology, Information Science vs Computer Science, Information Science vs Psychology, Information Science vs Business, System Analysis. )

Written for those interested in Information, Communication, Computer Science, Philosophy, and Cognitive Studies

Link to possible courses that students studying information might choose to take.
Here is a quick I.S. knowledge quiz.
Robert Losee, Twitter: WhatIsInfo,
Copyright 2013.


Chapel Hill
Information Processing Language

A programming language that supports the study of information through information system modeling, including example programs simulating the production of information.

Click here to download CHIPL2 software package or here for the CHIPL manual. The original (older) version of CHIPL is still available here.