The readings for this session raise the issue of human performance and ability as possible orienting perspectives for organizing information.
1. [The following item is optional; I couldnít resist including something from this book somewhere in our travels because of the wonderful cartoons spread throughout its pages.
Preece, Jenny. (1993). A Guide to Usability: Human Factors in Computing. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley (pp. 23-32). [QA76.9.H85.G85 1993] or [PAM Box]
This selection very briefly and very basically raises major issues that arise in cognitive psychology that may impact on peopleís capacity to benefit from the value added by organizing information. These issues include visual perception (note especially Figure 2.1), attention, human information processing, memory, learning, mental models, and metaphor.]
2. Carroll, David W. (1994). Psychology of Language. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole (pp. 49-52, 102-118).
This selection elaborates on the human information processing system and considers how humans store and access information, particularly the meaning of words.
3. Norman, D.A. (1993). Things that make us smart : defending human attributes in the age of the machine. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. [T14 .N67 1993] & [PAM] [pp. 15-17 & 22-41]
This selection introduces the concepts of experiential and reflective cognition, their relationship to different forms of learning, and the idea of "optimal flow." All of these are illustrated with a discussion of the "goods" and "bads" of multimedia.
4. Reflect on our discussion of information, etc. during Session 3 (August 28, 1996).
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